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Thyroid’s impact on the skin:

Thyroid hormone is important for both the embryogenesis of mammalian skin and the preservation of normal skin function in adults. There is compelling evidence of a link involving thyroid disease and skin problems. Thyroid disease is linked to skin abnormalities and can sometimes be the very first major symptom. Whether in a hyperthyroid or hypothyroid state, a range of epidermal abnormalities might appear.

Alopecia areata and vitiligo are the most commonly cited dermatological diseases associated with thyroid illness. Another characteristic of thyroid on skin is myxedema which occurs in hypothyroidism and is associated with a swollen and red rash on the skin. Another skin issue which arises due to thyroid is of dry skin which happens due to reduced eccrine gland secretion. Around 75% people have testified for dry skin under the low-thyroid levels. Whereas in the hyperthyroidism state: warm, soft and moist skin is often noticed. Even the excessive sweating of the palms of hands and soles of feet is related to hyperthyroidism.

The next symptom is of carotenemia, which is a medical disorder characterised by yellow skin pigmentation and elevated blood beta-carotene levels in hypothyroidism state. It generally occurs on the palms and soles. Milphosis is also linked to thyroid disease, and it is characterised by the loss of eyelashes.  Thyroid disease can produce cold hands and feet in certain people, which are termed as cold peripheries.

It is always best to consult a dermatologist and a healthcare provider to get the right treatment at the right time to avoid any major skin problems in the future. A regular thyroid level check-up routine is required to address the above-mentioned thyroid effects on skin.