Skin, hair, and nails reflect the emotions seen in a mirror. Accounting for approximately 17% of an adult’s body weight, skin, also known as the integumentary system, is the largest organ of the body that is in direct contact with the external environment. Due to hormonal issues, smoking, pollution, stress, etc. your skin may develop some skin diseases which would require you to consult a dermatologist for routine skin treatments.
Routine Skin Treatments
How is Psoriasis treated?
Various treatment options like topical, phototherapy, and systemic are instituted according to the type and severity of psoriasis.
The beneficial effect of sunlight in psoriasis is well known, and it is because of the UVR in the natural sunlight.
Phototherapy can be used to treat widespread or refractory disease. Narrowband UVB is the preferred phototherapy spectrum. Ideally, it is performed three times a week. Excimer can also be used to treat psoriasis. Sessions are done once or twice a week.
Topical Ointments and Oral Medicine
Topical ointments and oral medications are considered first-line treatments for psoriasis. These over-the-counter medications and creams slow the excessive reproduction of skin cells reducing inflammation in the affected areas. Depending on psoriasis and its severity, there are several types of ointments and medications used for treating patients with psoriasis.
Systematic treatments for psoriasis include prescribed drugs that work throughout the body. Normally, such treatments are used only for individuals with moderate psoriasis. These medicines are also used for patients who don’t respond to light therapy or topical treatments.
Phototherapy uses “Narrowband ultraviolet” (UV) light to reduce the extra growth of skin cells in psoriasis affected areas.
Ultraviolet B, which is naturally present in the sunlight, has significant effects on psoriasis. In UVB (Ultraviolet B) phototherapy, the skin is exposed to an artificial UVB light source which helps in preventing the rapid growth of skin cells. The exposure-time is decided by the expert doctor according to the severity of the skin condition.
Every patient responds differently to the treatment depending on the severity of the condition. The treatment requires four to ten sessions on an average for the desired results.
The latest way to treat psoriasis is through Excimer Laser Treatment, which works well on the hands, elbows, and knees of the patients having psoriasis.
Alopecia areata: Alopecia areata is characterized by rapid loss of hair resulting in the smooth, bald round to oval patches. Alopecia areata may involve sites other than scalp including beard, eyebrow, eyelashes, or body hair.
Excimer Laser Treatment – Howdoes Excimer Laser Lamp work?
The EX-308 excimer laser strictly focuses on active psoriatic scars and vitiligo macules. It comfortably delivers the ultraviolet light through a dedicated handpiece. This laser conveys high-dosage treatment for quick reparation of the skin and its effect is long-lasting.
Who can be treated with Excimer Laser?
The excimer laser can effectively treat both mild and severe psoriasis, vitiligo under 10% body surface range, and alopecia areata. The Laser’s pointed shaft and its movable spot size handpiece help in treating difficult to reach body parts like elbows, knees, and scalp. This highly focused treatment can help resolve the severe plaques that don’t react to any other medicines. Consult our dermatologist to know if your skin condition can be treated with Excimer Laser.
Is Excimer Laser treatment effective as compared to other psoriasis treatments?
Unlike topical ointments and creams, Excimer laser treatment does not require daily maintenance. Every patient responds to this treatment differently, but some patients can enjoy their life treatment-free for several months, with no remission of Psoriasis.
How safe is the treatment?
The excimer laser has fewer side effects as compared to other common psoriasis and vitiligo treatments. Because of the targeted nature of laser therapy, its exposure is limited and so the healthy skin mostly remains unaffected.
What should I expect during the treatment?
The treatment will take place in our well-equipped clinical room. During the patients’ first consultation, our dermatologist at Aura will determine the treatment plan, several sessions required and the dosage level according to the severity of the skin condition. Once the treatment plan and dosages are finalized, our doctors will start the laser therapy sessions. Each session takes only a few minutes and is not painful. Some patients recover quickly while others may require more sessions for recovery.
Does this laser treatment hurt?
The treatment causes no pain or discomfort. It doesn’t need anaesthesia. However, few patients may feel slight warmth post-treatment, but it is mild and short-lived. You do not have to worry about anything as we take the utmost care while treating our patients with laser therapy.
How many sessions are required for the intended result?
Our dermatologist will create a tailor-made plan of treatments based on the extent, thickness, and location of your lesions.
The treatment program needs to be discontinued if vitiligo doesn’t show any improvement even after 20 sessions and psoriasis or alopecia areata doesn’t respond after 10 sessions.
What preparation needs to be done?
You just have to ensure that the area of the skin to be treated is clean, dry, and free of any make-up, lotions, creams, or moisturizers. Apart from that, we do not recommend any preparation.
Are there any side effects?
Excimer laser therapy has minimal side effects, although some patients experience mild and short-lived redness around the lesion area at a time. Some serious side effects like blistering and hyper-pigmentation are rare and short-lived during treatment.
What is Eczema?
Eczema is the most common inflammatory skin disease to various external and internal stimuli. It can present as an acute, subacute, and chronic stage.
Eczemas can be classified into exogenous and endogenous eczema.
Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, relapsing, skin disorder with genetic predisposition characterized by varying degrees of pruritus and inflammation of the skin that usually manifests in infancy or childhood.
Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory condition typically confined to seborrheic areas, seen in all age groups, and responds well to antifungal therapy.
Nummular eczema, asteatotic eczema, and p-alba are endogenous eczemas associated with xerosis.The most common exogenous eczema is allergic contact dermatitis and irritant contact dermatitis.
The mainstay of management of all eczemas is emollients, topical corticosteroids, and tacrolimus.
How does Excimer Laser therapy treat eczema?
The EX-308 excimer laser is the instrument approved by USFDA and used to cure atopic dermatitis/eczema. The Ultraviolet B (UVB) light emission is directly concentrated on the affected area.
The modern technology used in the excimer laser strictly focuses the light beam only on the targeted area. This prevents the surrounding healthy skin from being exposed to laser light. It further allows the cosmetologist to perform the treatment effectively and efficiently.
The benefits of this treatment last for a longer time.
Is it painful?
No, most of the patients don’t feel pain during the treatment. The procedure doesn’t even require anaesthesia. Although a mild sunburn around the treated area is common, the recovery period is brief.
Fungal infections are, a skin problem of skin which caused by fungi infects the outer layer of skin. Especially in the warm area of the human body. Because of fungus infection, itchy skin occurs. Athlete’s foot, Nail infections, and ringworm are the common skin infection.
Itching, irritation and burning are common symptoms. Affected area show peeling, cracking and redness on the skin.
Types of the fungus infection
- Nail infections (Tinea unguium)
- Athlete’s foot (Tinea pedis)
- Pityriasis versicolor (Tinea versicolor)
- Thrush (Candida albicans)